Urząd Żeglugi Śródlądowej w Warszawie
Urząd Żeglugi Śródlądowej w Warszawie
Urząd Żeglugi Śródlądowej w Warszawie
Urząd Żeglugi Śródlądowej w Warszawie

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The knowledge and skills which are required to obtain certain certificates

Appendix No. 5




§ 1. The knowledge and skills which are required to obtain the Certificate of the chief seaman
A. Required knowledge (2 examiners)
I. General knowledge about the ship and its service
1. Basic knowledge about the inland navigation ship, its equipment and conservation
2. Types and kinds of the inland navigation ship, buoyancy and stability of a ship
3. Basic knowledge about the lines – their types and usage.
4. Anchoring, mooring, towing and securing equipment
5. Life-saving equipment and appliances, fire protection equipment and appliances
6. General knowledge about the machinery on the ship
II. Basics of the inland sailing directions
1. Basic knowledge about the inland waterways and hydraulic engineering
2. Knowledge about the basic navigation regulations, accident procedures, safety conditions by the transport of dangerous goods, ship and manned documents, waste and sewage management and abolishing of the extraordinary threats
B. Required knowledge and practical skills (1 examiner)
1. Rope works and health and safety at work connected with them
2. Auxiliary rope equipment
3. Ship conservation, corrosion and its prevention, skills in basic conservation works
4. Ship alarms, knowledge about the alarm actions
5. Anchoring appliances (kinds of anchors); mooring, towing and securing appliances and the ability to use them
6. Load fittings (lifts, winches, transporters, pipelines, load lifts) and their service, preparation of the cargo holds for the acceptance of the cargo, manoeuvres by preloading and unloading.
7. Usage of the  life-saving and fire protection appliances, operating of the safety and fire protection equipment
8. Preparation of the ship for the renovation, breaks in exploitation or winter stagnation.

§ 2.  The knowledge and skills which are required to obtain the Certificate of the helmsman
A. Required knowledge (3 examiners)
I. Knowledge about the construction, equipment and service of the ship
1. Basic terms about the ship construction theory of the ship. Ropes – kinds, properties and usage. Endurance of ropes. Auxiliary rope equipment. Anchoring appliances – lifts, anchoring crane, an-chors and their kinds, ropes and anchoring chains. Life-saving equipment and appliances – boats and their equipment, rafts, floats and lifebuoys. Fire protection equipment, kinds and usage. Steer-ing gears, description, working principles. Towing and securing appliances.
2. Alarms on the inland navigation ships.
3. Basic knowledge about the machinery and the auxiliary appliances on the ship.  Basic installations and containers. Sources of energy.
4. Ship material sciences – selected issues.
Kinds and general properties of materials used on the inland navigation ships – usage (wood, met-als, synthetics, auxiliary materials – glues, putties, greases, paints, conservation materials)
II Basics of the inland sailing directions of Poland and Europe
1. Waterways
The river bed and the processes which take place in it. Adjustments of rivers; aim, means and mate-rials used during the adjustment of the rivers, dredging activities. Channels and channelized rivers. Formation of rivers, coastline, sea route. General knowledge about the inland waterways in Poland and Europe.
The inland system of waterways in Western Europe and connections to the inland waterways of Poland. Concepts of the trans-European connections.
2. Sea route
Description of the sea route, a disposable and required width. Transit and maximum depth. Means to recognize the sea route during the daytime and night time. Visibility conditions of the sailing details in various weather conditions. Status of waters, floods and their impact on the navigation conditions. Winter navigation.
3. Legal provisions in the inland navigation
Classification of the inland waterways, classes and criteria of division. Marking of the sea route on adjusted and not adjusted rivers. Navigation signs, kinds and meaning. Rules of the movements and stops of ships. Marking and signalization of individual ships and sets of ships, during the daytime and the night time, in bad visibility conditions.
4. Legal regulations in the inland navigation – selected issues
III Basic knowledge about the theory of steering a ship
Meaning of terms: stability, steerability, manoeuvrability, directional stability, circulation, diameter of circulation.
Steering appliances; components, conservation.
Steering on the current and standing water, manoeuvres of bouncing and knocking, steering on the arc and in tight passages, phenomena of “drawing and attaching” by ships, of a ship by the coast and the bottom of the waterway, steering to the point. Regulations of the law of way.
B. Knowledge and practical skills (1 examiner).
1. Service of all ship appliances
2. Conservation works
3. Service of the steering appliances of a ship and steering of the ship under the supervision of a shipmaster.
4. Rules of a safe service of machines and the machinery on the ship, installations and containers, and the sources of energy.

§ 3  The knowledge and skills which are required to obtain the Navigation Certificate of the Inland Navigation Carrier
A. Required knowledge (1 examiner)
1. Kinds of ferries and basic knowledge about the construction of a ferry
2. Basic knowledge about the buoyancy and stability of ferries
3. Navigation regulations about the navigation of ferries and their marking and in the scope of the technical requirements, equipment and documents which allow the ferry to the navigation. Health and safety regulations and fire protection regulations on ferries. Post-accident proceedings.
B. Required knowledge and practical skills (1 examiner)
1. Minor renovating and conservation of a ferry.
2. Proper distribution of passengers, cargo and vehicles on the ferry
3. Start of a ferry, management of traffic and steering of a ferry
4. Providing first aid to the sinking or the burned
5. Practical service of the carriage boat without the power-operation and the accompanying boat or lifeboat

§ 4 Scope of knowledge and skills required for obtaining sailing certificate for  helmsman-motorman of inland navigation
A. Required knowledge (3 examiners)
1. Basic information regarding types and structure of ships of inland navigation. Construction mate-rials of hull, basic construction elements, parameters of hull, parameters of ship.
2. Manoeuvring features of small vessel, selected issues from theory of ship conduct. Upthrust  and dead weight, centre of gravity and of upthrust, buoyancy and stability. Propulsors and their types.
Phenomena occurring around ship’s traffic zone-flow around hull, wave motion, screw race, wake current.
Impact of basin and location of cargo or passengers on ship manoeuvre, phenomenon of suction effect, impact of wind and current of water on a ship and its  manoeuvres.
3. Ship equipment  and its hull.
4. General information on waterways and hydro-engineering- overview of inland sailing direction.
5. General information on combustion engines and auxiliary mechanisms; types of engines applied on inland navigation ships, role of auxiliary mechanisms. Machine installations and tanks on small vessels. Energy sources.
6. Legal provisions
Maritime provisions- ship markings, signs and optical  and acoustic signals, marking of water route-types and meaning of nautical emblems, marking of navigation impediments, structures and hydro technical devices and structures and transmission lines crossing the water route. Principles of of rights of way. Shipping documents Maritime accidents
Health and safety requirements, sanitation and environment protection requirements concerning small vessels.
Required knowledge and practical skills (1 examiner).
1. Launching and servicing of engine and auxiliary mechanisms.
2. Removal of minor damages.
3. Self-manoeuvring of small vessel.
4. First aid in sudden accidents.
5. Rescue manoeuvres with small vessel.
§ 5. The scope of knowledge and practical skills necessary for obtaining a certificate of inland navigation sail/motorman
A. Required knowledge (3 examiners)
Basic knowledge of the design and working of the engines and backup mechanisms.
1. Working principle of combustion engines. Conversion of thermal energy to kinetic energy. Diesel engine and its schematic cross-section.
2. Knowledge of the design of a diesel engine. Cylinder block, cylinders, liners, cylinder heads, pistons, rings and their types. Crankshaft, bearing, motor seal, flywheel, connecting rods and bear-ing seats. Gudgeon pin; how it is attached. Safety valves; suction, starting and exhaust valves.
II. Mechanisms and auxiliary appliances, installations and tanks.
1. Fuel supply pumps, motor-mounted mechanisms, test and measuring equipment. Electrical instal-lation of a motor.
2. Gas fuelling system; tanks, lubrication, cooling, drainage and hydraulic systems, drinking water system, sanitary system.
3. Pumps and compressors – types and components. Compressed air tanks.
4. Electrical installation of a ship, electric circuits, energy sources – accumulators, electric genera-tors, shorepower.
III.   Engine room with diesel engine.
1. Placing the motor on foundations. Clutch, lay shaft, propeller shaft. Propeller shaft stern tube – its bearing and sealing.
2. Distribution of mechanisms in an engine room. Distribution of tanks and pipeline installations. Valve stations.
3. Control and signal devices. Alarm signalling of motors, bilges and engine rooms.
B. Required knowledge and practical skills (1 examiner)
1. Operating engines and backup mechanisms.
2. Eliminating irregularities and disturbances while an engine and backup mechanisms are running.
3. Fuel and grease replenishment.
4. Renovation and maintenance of an engine room with diesel engine.

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